Online Materials of Super-Resolving Compressed Images via Parallel and Series Integration of Artifact Reduction and Resolution Enhancement

Super-Resolving Compressed Images via Parallel and Series Integration of Artifact Reduction and Resolution Enhancement​

Hongming Luo, Fei Zhou, Guangsen Liao, Guoping Qiu. 

1.Dataset

We collect 76 uncompressed images by ourselves to supplement Kodak24 (http://r0k.us/graphics/kodak/).  These images are selected from 1000 images with size of 3840 * 2160 and cropped as images with size of  600 * 600. They are from a variety of  scenarios including indoors, outdoors and so on. We prepare these datas using MATALB.

Download dataset links: VISTA_UCD76_dataset.zip

Thumbnail of our collected images. 

2. Comparisons for Super-resolution

We prepare dataset by two steps: 1) Bicubic down-sampling by MATLAB imresize  2) Compressing down-sampled images by MATLAB imwrite (JPEG) or OPENCV imwrite (WebP). 
down-sampling scale : 2, 3, 4
JPEG QFs : 10, 20, 30, 40, 50
WebP QFs : 5, 10, 20, 30, 40  
Involved methods: CISRDCNN [1], ICSD [2], DnCNN [3], Aplus [4], EDSR [5], RCAN [6], SAN [7], USRNet [8], NRIBP [9]. The best two performances are bold in the following tables.

2.1 Quantitative Comparisons

2.2 Visual Comparisons. (compression type & quality factor & scale)

2.2.1 JPEG & 10 & x2

2.2.2 JPEG & 10 & ×2

2.2.3 WebP & 5 & ×2

2.2.4 JPEG & 20 & ×3

2.2.5 WebP & 20 & ×3

2.2.6 WebP & 30 & ×3

2.2.7 WebP & 40 & ×4

2.2.8 WebP & 40 & ×4

3.Comparisons for Compression Artifacts Reduction

Involved methods: SA_DCT [10], TNRD [11], DnCNN [3], DCSC [12]. Among these compared methods, the inputs of SA_DCT and TNRD are limited to JPEG images. Thus, they are not able to restore WebP images. The best performance is bold and the second one is underlined in the following table.

3.1 Quantitative Comparisons

3.2 Visual Comparisons. (compression type & quality factor )

3.2.1 JPEG & 10

3.2.2 WebP & 10

4.Super-resolving Real-world compressed images

RD_2

5.Each time step results

6.Other Information

All of our results are available at:

Baidu drive link :(https://pan.baidu.com/s/1eF41V3jnQnR_1CwuD1PYkA)         password  (1xuj)

Google drive   (https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/13oJ1lb-GuAM1OEg6QiXV_gHJ3_y9vlzS)

Code : coming soon.

Reference:

[1] T. Li, X. He, L. Qing, Q. Teng, and H. Chen, “An iterative framework of cascaded deblocking and superresolution for compressed images,” IEEE Trans. Multimedia, vil. 20, no. 6, pp. 1305–1320, Jun. 2018.

[2] H. Chen, X. He, C. Ren, L. Qing, and Q. Teng, “CISRDCNN: Super-resolution of compressed images using deep convolutional neural networks,” Neurocomputing, vol. 285, pp. 204–219, 2018.

[3] K. Zhang, W. Zuo, Y. Chen, D. Meng, and L. Zhang, “Beyond a Gaussian Denoiser: Residual learning of deep CNN for image denoising,” IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 3142–3155, Jul. 2017.

[4] Timofte, V. De, and L. Van Gool, “A+: Adjusted anchored neighborhood regression for fast super-resolution,” in Proc. IEEE Asian Conf. Comput. Vis., 2014, pp. 111–126.

[5] Lim, S. Son, H. Kim, S. Nah, and K. M. Lee, “Enhanced deep residual networks for single image super-resolution,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Comput. Vis. Pattern Recognit. Workshops, 2017, pp. 1132–1140.

[6] Y. Zhang, K. Li, K. Li, L. Wang, B. Zhong, and Y. Fu, “Image super-resolution using very deep residual channel attention networks,” in Proc. Eur. Conf. Comput. Vis., 2018, pp. 294–310.

[7] T. Dai, J. Cai, Y. Zhang, S-T. Xia, and L. Zhang, “Second-order attention network for single image super-resolution,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Comput. Vis. Pattern Recognit., 2019, pp. 1105711066.

[8] K. Zhang, L. V. Gool, and R. Timofte, “Deep unfolding network for image super-resolution,” in Proc. IEEE Conf. Comput. Vis. Pattern Recognit., 2020, pp. 3217–3226.

[9] J.-S. Yoo and J.-O. Kim, “Nosie-robust iterative back-projection,” IEEE Trans. Image Process., vo. 29, pp. 1219–1232, 2020.

[10] Foi, V. Katkovnik, and K. Egiazarian, “Pointwise shape-adaptive DCT for high-quality denoising and deblocking of grayscale and color images,” IEEE Trans. Image Process., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1395–1411, May 2007.

[11] Chen and T. Pock, “Trainable nonlinear reaction diffusion: A flexible framework for fast and effective image restoration,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell., vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1256–1272, Jun. 2017.

[12] Fu, Z.-J. Zha, F. Wu, X. Ding, and J. Paisley, “JPEG artifacts via deep convolutional sparse coding,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comput. Vis., 2019, pp. 2501–2510.